ToBI Resources


This is a very preliminary listing of a few of the many publications that feature ToBI; we hope to expand it into a more useful compendium. If you have additional papers to suggest for inclusion here, please contact us.

note: .ps files are PostScript files, intended for printing. It is recommended that you access the HTML versions of .ps files.



Arbisi-Kelm, Timothy and Jun, Sun-Ah (2005): "A comparison of disfluency patterns in normal and stuttered speech", In DiSS-2005, 13-16. [abstract]

Arvaniti, A. & M. Baltazani (2000). "Greek ToBI: A System For The Annotation Of Greek Speech Corpora." Proceedings Second International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2000), vol. II, pp. 555-562. Athens: European Language Resources Association. [.pdf file] - [view as HTML]

Barnes, J., Shattuck-Hufnagel, S.; Brugos, A. & Veilleux, N. (2006). The domain of realization of the L- phrase tone in American English. Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2006, Dresden.

Beckman, M. E., Hirschberg, J., & Shattuck-Hufnagel, S. (2005). The original ToBI system and the evolution of the ToBI framework. In S.-A. Jun (ed.) Prosodic Typology -- The Phonology of Intonation and Phrasing, Oxford University Press, Chapter 2: 9-54. [preprint .pdf]

Beckman, M.; Ayers Elam, G., 1997. Guidelines for ToBI labeling, Version 3. Ohio State University..

Beckman, M. E. & Pierrehumbert, J. (1986). Intonational structure in Japanese and English. Phonology Yearbook, 3: 255-309.

AW Black, AJ Hunt: "Generating F0 contours from ToBI labels using linear regression." (1996) [web page]

Cho, Taehong (2002) The Effects of Prosody on Articulation in English. Routledge. New York, NY.

L Dilley, S Shattuck-Hufnagel, M Ostendorf: "Glottalization of word-initial vowels as a function of prosodic structure." (1996) [abstract] - [view full text in .pdf format from Science Direct]

Dilley, L. (2005)The phonetics and phonology of tonal systems. Ph.D. Dissertation, MIT. http://faculty.psy.ohio-state.edu/pitt/dilley/publications.htm

Dilley, Laura C., D. Robert Ladd and Astrid Schepman 2005 Alignment of L and H in bitonal pitch accents: testing two hypotheses. Journal of Phonetics 33: 115- 119.

M Gordon: "Pitch accent timing in Chickasaw." (2005) [abstract] - [full paper in .pdf format]

Hedberg, Nancy and Juan M. Sosa.  In press. The Prosody of Topic and Focus in Spontaneous English Dialogue. In Daniel Buring, Matthew Gordon, and Chungmin Lee  (eds.), Topic and Focus: Cross-Linguistic Perspectives on Meaning and Intonation. Dordrecht:  Kluwer Academic Publishers. 101-120 .Pre-final version [prefinal .pdf version]

Hedberg, Nancy, Juan M. Sosa and Lorna Fadden. 2006. "Tonal Constituents and Meanings of Yes-No Questions in American English. Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2006, Dresden, Germany. [.pdf]

Hedberg, Nancy, Juan M. Sosa and Lorna Fadden. 2004. "Meanings and Configurations of Questions in English". Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2004, Nara, Japan. [.pdf]

Herman, R. (1998). Intonation and Discourse Structure in English: Phonological and Phonetic Markers of Local and Global Discourse Structure. (Dissertation)

J Hirschberg, M Beckman: "The ToBI Annotation Conventions." (1994) [.ps file] - [view as HTML]

Julia Hirschberg, Agust�Gravano, Ani Nenkova, Elisa Sneed, and Gregory Ward. (2004) "Intonational overload: uses of the H* !H* L- L% contour in read and spontaneous speech." Labphon-9, Urbana-Champaign, IL. [.pdf]

Hirschberg, Julia and Christine Nakatani (1996) A prosodic analysis of discourse segments in direction-giving monologues. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Santa Cruz, 286-293.

Jun, Sun-Ah (2005) Editor. Prosodic Typology: The Phonology of Intonation and Phrasing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Khan, Sameer ud Dowla (2008) Intonational phonology and focus prosody of Bengali. PhD Dissertation, UCLA. [pdf]

Kim, H, Yoon, T., Cole J. & Hasegawa-Johnson, M. (2006). Acoustic Differentiation Between L- and L-L% in Switchboard and Radio News Corpus. ICSA International Conference on Speech Prosody. May 2-5, 2006, Dresden, Germany.

Ladd, D. R., & Schepman, A. (2003). “Sagging transitions” between high pitch accents in English: experimental evidence. Journal of Phonetics, 31, 81-112.

Liscombe, Jackson, Jennifer J. Venditti, and Julia Hirschberg. (2006) "Detecting question-bearing turns in spoken tutorial dialogues." Interspeech 2006, Pittsburgh, PA. [.pdf]

Loehr, Daniel P. (2004). Gesture and Intonation. Doctoral Dissertation, Georgetown University, Washington, DC. [.pdf] [View as HTML]

K Maekawa, H Kikuchi, Y Igarashi, J Venditti : "X-JToBI: An extended J-ToBI for Spontaneous Speech." (2002) [.pdf file]

H Mixdorff: "Speech Technology, ToBI, and Making Sense of Prosody." (2002) [.pdf file] - [view as HTML]

J Pierrehumbert, D Talkin: "Lenition of/h/and glottal stop." Papers in Laboratory Phonology II: Gesture, Segment, Prosody; 1992.

Pierrehumbert, J. B. & Hirschberg, J. (1990). The meaning of intonation contours in the interpretation of discourse. In P. R. Cohen, J. Morgan and M. E. Pollack (eds.) Intentions in Communication. MIT Press: 271-311.

Pitrelli, John, Mary Beckman, and Julia Hirschberg. (1994) Evaluation of prosodic transcription labeling reliability in the ToBI framework. Proceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, Yokohama, 2, 123 -126.

M Renwick, Y Yasinnik, S Shattuck-Hufnagel: "The Timing of Speech-Accompanying Gestures with Respect to Prosody." (2004) [.pdf] - [View as HTML]

Schafer, A.J. (1997). Prosodic Parsing: The Role of Prosody in Sentence Comprehension. PhD. Dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

Schafer, A., Speer, S. & Warren, P. (2005). Prosodic influencies on the production and comprehension of syntactic ambiguity in a game-based conversation task. In M. Tanenhaus & J. Trueswell (eds.) Approaches to Studying World Situated Language Use: Psycholinguistic, Linguistic and Computational Perspective on Bridging the Product and Action Tradition. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Shattuck-Hufnagel, S. & Turk, A. E. (1996) A prosody tutorial for investigators of auditory sentence processing. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 25 (2): 193-247.

Shattuck-Hufnagel, Stefanie; Dilley, Laura ; Veilleux, Nanette; Brugos, Alejna; Speer, Rob (2004): "F0 peaks and valleys aligned with non-prominent syllables can influence perceived prominence in adjacent syllables", In the Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2004: 705-708.

Silverman, K., Beckman, M., Pitrelli, J., Ostendorf, M., Wightman, C., Price, P., Pierrehumbert, J. & Hirschberg, J. (1992). ToBI: A standard for labeling English Prosody, Proceedings of the 1992 International Conference on Spoken Language Processing: 867-870.

Swerts, M. (1997). Prosodic Features at Discourse Boundaries of Different Strength. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 101(1):514--521.

AK Syrdal, J McGory: "Inter-transcriber Reliability of ToBI Prosodic Labelling." (2000) [.ps file] - [view as HTML]

A Syrdal, J Hirschberg, J McGory, M Beckman: "Automatic ToBI prediction and alignment to speed manual labeling of prosody." (2001) [.pdf file] - [view as HTML]

Venditti, J. J. (1997). Japanese ToBI labeling guidelines. In Ainsworth-Darnell, K. & D'Imperio, M. (Eds.), Papers from the Linguistics Laboratory, Ohio State University Working Papers in Linguistics, 50: 127-162. http://www.ling.ohio-state.edu/research/phonetics/J_ToBI/

Watson, D. & Gibson, E. (2005) Intonational Phrasing and Constituency in Language Production and Comprehension. Studia Linguistica, 59: 279-300

Wagner, M. (2005). Prosody and Recursion. PhD. Dissertation. MIT.

Wagner, M & Ted Gibson, G. (2006). Prosodic Boundary Strength Scaling. Poster presented at Labphon 10, Paris.

T Yoon, S Chavarria, J Cole, M Hasegawa-Johnson: "Intertranscriber reliability of prosodic labeling on telephone conversation using ToBI." (2004) [.pdf file] - [view as HTML]

Yoon, T., Cole, J. & Kim, H. Jennifer Cole & Heejin Kim. (2006). Levels of prosodic phrasing: Acoustic evidence from read & spontaneous speech corpora. Presentation at The Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America. Albuquerque.


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